FeeBSD

written by Peter Czanik

Introduction

The syslog-ng application has been available in FreeBSD ports for many years. Recently, thanks to the hard work of the FreeBSD team, syslog-ng is also available as a ready-to-install package.

The default configuration for syslog-ng in ports contains only the most important dependencies. If you use a package, this is how your package is configured. This covers the needs of most syslog-ng users. If you need a specific feature not available with the default configuration in ports, you need to compile syslog-ng yourself.

The following list shows the available syslog-ng and related ports in FreeBSD, by the time of writing this chapter:

  • syslog-ng: the latest stable version (not necesseraly a .1 :-) )
  • syslog-ng-devel: the latest development version (alpha/beta and usually .1 too...)
  • syslog-ng-incubator: experimental extensions, to be used together with syslog-ng
  • syslog-ng-incubator03
  • syslog-ng33
  • syslog-ng34
  • syslog-ng35 The numbered ports are old, but still receive at least security updates. As most people in real life, we will use the latest stable version in the rest of this document.

You can view the current list of available ports by looking into /usr/ports/sysutils and listing syslog-ng* or on the web using Freshports

None of these packages are officially supported by Balabit, but we try to help resolving problems with our best effort.

Installing syslog-ng from package

The following command will install syslog-ng and all necessary dependencies:

pkg install syslog-ng

Note: Installation does not start syslog-ng or enables it to start automagically.

Compiling syslog-ng from ports

These are the minimal steps to compile syslog-ng from ports with features and dependencies you need.

First change to the directory containing syslog-ng:

cd /usr/ports/sysutils/syslog-ng

Configure it (enable features & dependencies you need):

make config

Install it:

make install

Note: Installation does not start syslog-ng or enables it to start automagically.

Note: Please consult the FreeBSD Handbook if you are interested in handling ports and packages in more detail.

Testing syslog-ng

To test syslog-ng you need to stop syslogd first, which is bundled with the base system:

/etc/rc.d/syslogd stop

Then start syslog-ng:

/usr/local/etc/rc.d/syslog-ng onestart
[email protected]:/usr/ports/sysutils/syslog-ng # logger this is a test
[email protected]:/usr/ports/sysutils/syslog-ng # tail /var/log/messages
May 19 11:40:38 fb101r pkg-static: syslog-ng-3.6.2_4 installed
May 19 11:56:09 fb101r syslogd: exiting on signal 15
May 19 11:57:02 fb101r syslog-ng[19433]: syslog-ng starting up; version='3.6.2'
May 19 11:57:02 fb101r kernel: <118>May 19 11:56:09 fb101r syslogd: exiting on signal 15
May 19 11:57:18 fb101r root: this is a test
[email protected]:/usr/ports/sysutils/syslog-ng #

Enable syslog-ng to start by default

Enable syslog-ng to start by default with the following two lines appended to /etc/rc.conf:

syslogd_enable="NO"
syslog_ng_enable="YES

Note: for more information read the run first guide.

Note: for more information read the syslog-ng documentation

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